Used oil vacuum filtration system
Oil in the transport process and the general use of process will produce solid material, water, emulsion and other impurities, in fact, dealing with different types of oil filter oil is the choice of different impurities in different ways oil filtering, oil filter method
There are three types:
1, relying on filters and other filter media to intercept the role of mechanical filter oil filter impurities;
2, the use of gravity separation and centrifugal separation principle of centrifugal oil filter;
3, according to the boiling point of water and oil theory, oil-water separation by distillation methods, and mechanical filtration remove solid impurities in the vacuum oil filter;
Frame pressure type oil filter because the filter and other filter media had to rely on the role of filter block impurities, impurity particles will plug the filter mesh quickly and require frequent replacement of the filter, resulting in use of high cost, while smaller than the filter pore size fine particles is invalid, it is difficult to achieve cleanliness to NAS6 ~ 8 level stable oil filtering effect. Plate filter press, for concentrations below 50% of the low viscosity, less the amount of liquid containing slag filter for closed in order to achieve purification, sterilization, clarification and other fine filter, semi-fine filter requirements; direct use microporous filter membrane, may, without microporous membrane filters can be achieved sterile filtration purposes.
Centrifugal oil filter to remove free water and coarse impurities, but the fine particles of emulsified oil or powerless. Can not remove the paint and other suspended solids; not effective against bacteria. Requirements for high-viscosity oil heated to 84.5 ℃ above, accelerated oil aging. Watershed poor performance, may lead to more oil emulsion. The system requires frequent cleaning; system requirements for installation of high, large projects. Equipment, high cost, does not solve the problem of oil emulsion, many power plants, steel mills have stopped using the centrifuge;
Vacuum Oil water separation using a vacuum distillation method, the use of mechanical filtration to remove impurities. Mechanical filters have been mentioned above, the filter using high cost, mainly the cleanliness; vacuum separation is only suitable for the removal of water moisture in oil, such as handling transformer oil, turbine oil for water content and more, lubrication oil or oil-film bearings, vacuum dehydration is not suitable; with water emulsified oil vacuum oil processing inefficiencies, low temperature dehydration is very slow; foam at high temperature, dehydration process is still very slow, and difficult to operate; for serious leakage units, vacuum isolated from the water system to produce water less than the amount of oil, vacuum oil filter processing, only to consume energy, waste of human resources, can not solve the problem.
In general, oil vacuum oil purifier is mainly used in the case of water, to remove a small amount of oil in the water, plate and frame pressure type oil filter mainly used to remove solid impurities in the oil, a simple filter plate machine has been rarely used oil, oil filter available precision (mobile, with filter), is more convenient; course, in the lubricating oil in the mechanical impurities, the use of plate and frame pressure type oil filter far more economical. As to whether a certain use, we need to understand the cycle of oil particle size requirements, the use of filtering accuracy than 20UM frame pressure type oil filter, if you need to improve accuracy, precision oil filter must be usedHydraulic oil filtration
, Transformer oil filtration
, Turbine oil filtration
, Waste Engine Oil Filtration System
Filtration oil filter
choice, mainly due to two factors.
1, the oil needs. For example, insulating oil, filter through in order to achievehigh-precision high insulation value, and large module gears on the requirements of the impurities is much more extensive.
2, the oil viscosity. High-viscosity oil through a fine strainer is not required to reduce accuracy.
If the one-sided emphasis on cleanliness and the use of precision oil filter, oil filter will increase operating costs. Because:
(1) filter is often clogged and require frequent cleaning or filter replacement.
(2) increasing the axial compression, so the oil can rapidly through the filter, butoften so crushed filter.
(3) the addition of warm-up tank, raising the temperature, lower viscosity.
In general, the fine filter stage of filtration options are:
(1) insulating oil, choose 1 ~ 5μm.
(2) 46 # The following lubricating oil, turbine oil, election 10 ~ 20μm.
(3) engine oil, gear oil selected 20 ~ 50μm.
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The principal purpose of vacuum dehydration and purification can be to reduce free, emulsified, and dissolved water from oil, too as reliable particulate contamination. The secondary purpose of the method is te extraction of air, gases, and lumination hydrocarbon contamination in the oil. These functions are achieved utilizing the principles of minimal temperature vacuum distillation and micronic filtration
Vacuum Dehydration - numerous are mindful that vacuum dehydration will remove free, emulsified and dissolved water from their lubricants. In numerous cases, high high quality vacuum dehydration units can acquire basic water content as minimal as twenty components per million. However, vacuum dehydrators also serve other functions. High high quality vacuum dehydrators are equipped with high efficiency filters that can acquire particle counts as minimal as ISO 14/12/9. In addition, refrigerants, solvents and fuels are removed by vacuum dehydration.
High-Vacuum Transformer Oil Filtration And Dehydration Plants are suitable for all types of electrical insulating oils. We have standard high-vacuum filtration and dehydration plants to remove moisture (free as well as dissolved), gases, dirt and oxidation products from mineral-based and synthetic, silicon oils and others. Systems are in flow rates from 300 LPH to 12000 LPH.
In order to acquire optimal dielectric strength and insulating efficiency inside of transformers and circuit breakers, dielectric oils should be kept absolutely clean up and dry. ZHONGNENG designs and builds the most effective, durable, and easily operation high vacuum transformer essential oil purification method available on the market today. Transformer essential oil remedy plant means?Old transformer essential oil is generally mixed with gas, water and contaminants, and also the new transformer essential oil sometimes, the content of the contaminants generally raises fast by time. So the transformer essential oil remedy machines can remove these associated gases, water and contaminants, and separate them in the essential oil and consider them away. After treating the essential oil by our essential oil remedy plant, the stabilized essential oil is then again ready to become used in energy transformers.
Custom built plants can be provided as per customer’s specific requirement, such as more flow-rates. These plants work on low temperature, high vacuum principle. Plants mainly consist of heating, filtration and vacuum system. Heating system aids to the filtration and moisture removal. Filtration systems remove suspended particles down to 1 micron such as rust, dirt, scales, colloidal carbon etc. Vacuum Systems remove moisture (emulsified as well as dissolved) down to < 5 – 10 ppm depending on the working vacuum of the plant.
Technology and benefits of the model:
1: It is for treating a range of insulating oil, including transformer oil, mutual inductor oil, change oil.
2: It is extensively applied in large scale manufacturing factory, energy station and other related industrial fields which will use transformers, specifically for more than 110 KV transformers.
3: Double point vacuum system, adopt international remarkable duplex stereo-evaparation technology and british G technology to eliminate the trace water in insulation essential oil and recover its breakdown voltage greatly.
4: Adopt Germany's 3 UG phase replay, will make the machine functioning efficaciously and safely at any situations, such as energy off, lack of phase, wrong phase position, etc.
5: Equipped with remarkable dielectric condensation devices for greatly prolong the essential oil purifier provider life.
6: A trinity of interlocked preventive unit is applied for avoid the machine becoming damanged from any incident automatically.
7: It also can be used becoming a separate vacuum method for dehydrating essential oil only, don't should operate all procedure and can save time and consumption for different ask on essential oil filtration.
8: it may purpose onsite using the transformer operating together.
9: A PLC method can be attached as per customer's requirement.
10: it may be moved easily with equipped steel wheels, it also can be created for different structure of completely enclosed type and completely enclosed trailer type to the objective of ourdoor use and indoor use.
11. a range of coloring of the model can be produced just as customer's favor.
Plants are available in different types of constructions such as open & enclosed models, stationery, portable & mobile models, with single & double stage degassing / dehydration system.
Contact: Mr. VienZhang
Tel : 86 13512396086
Fax: 86 23 86197078
Chongqing Zhongneng Oil Purifier Manufacture Co.,Ltd
13 Huoju Street, Jiulong Industrial Park, Jiulongpo District, Chongqing City. China
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1. Oil temperature control
Working oil temperature is 35 ~ 55 ℃, up to 70 ℃. The adverse effects of high oil temperature:
(1) decline in oil viscosity, oil film damage is damage, friction increases, causing the heating system, the implementation of components (such as hydraulic cylinder) crawling; also lead to increased leakage, significantly reduce the efficiency of the system; oil through the throttle when the characteristics will change, so that the piston velocity is unstable.
(2) thermal expansion of parts caused by high oil temperature, so that the action occurred deputy campaign not working or stuck.
(3) When the oil temperature is over 55 ℃, the increased oil oxidation, reducing the service life, according to tests confirmed that the oil temperature is over 55 ℃ when the temperature is increased after 9 ℃, oil life shortened by half.2. filtration control
Oil filter filtration system shall be the maximum sensitivity of the filtration component selection, respectively, in suction, pressure piping, the servo control valve of the inlet, etc., in accordance with the requirements set filtration oil filter.3. To strengthen the on-site maintenance and management
(1) Check the fluid cleanliness. When checking the cleanliness of equipment, the system should also check the oil, fuel tank and oil filters for cleanliness, and cleanliness on the establishment of hydraulic equipment, in the next three scoring system. The hydraulic system for critical equipment to be random.
(2) the establishment of a hydraulic system maintenance system. Level in the development of equipment maintenance content, to increase the hydraulic unit of the specific maintenance content.
(3) periodic testing of oil samples. Regularly, quantitative extraction of the oil sample, check the unit volume of the oil sample size and number of impurity particles or the weight, and for the qualitative and quantitative analysis to determine whether the oil needs to be replaced.
① Oil sampling time: oil change intervals have been provided for the hydraulic equipment, the week before in the oil of the oil being used for testing samples; the new change of oil, the cumulative work of 1000h, the response to the sample test ; large sophisticated companies in the oil hydraulic equipment used in the use of 600h, should be sampled for testing.
② taking oil samples, first of all necessary equipment to clean the oil container, and not to use dirty containers in order to ensure that data is accurate and specific method of taking oil samples are as follows:
When the hydraulic system does not work (ie in the stationary state), respectively in a tank top, middle and lower samples from each of the same amount of oil, stirring after the laboratory; hydraulic system is working, you can always return pipe in the system port to take the oil sample; tests required number of oil samples, usually 300 ~ 500mL / times; according to laboratory procedures for testing of oil, oil will fill a single laboratory test results, and analysis of fluid caused by changes in physical and chemical indicators of the reasons for exclusion in advance hidden faults, and into the equipment file.4 regular cleaning.
Periodically clean the filter, filter, tank, tubing and components within the dirt. Component in the disassembly should pay attention to cleanliness, all ports will be added to the plug or plastic sheeting sealed to prevent dirt intrusion system.
(5) drain intervals.
Oil change depending on whether the extent of oil contamination, currently there are three ways to determine the oil change period:
① visual oil law. It is the experience with maintenance personnel, according to some of the oil routine visual state changes (such as oil black, stinking, into a white, etc.) to decide whether oil.
② periodic oil change method. Depending on the device where the environmental site conditions, working conditions and the use of oil drain intervals, due to be replaced. This method of hydraulic equipment is applicable to large enterprises.
③ sampling assays. Regular oil sampling for laboratory tests, determination of the necessary items (such as viscosity, acid value, moisture content, particle size and concentration as well as corrosion, etc.) and indicators, according to the actual measured value oil with the required standards of oil degradation compared to determine the Should the oil change. Sampling time: general construction machinery hydraulic system should be in the oil change the week before, key equipment (such as the TBM TBM, etc.) of the hydraulic system should be carried out once every 500h sampling was conducted, results should fill in the equipment technical file . Sampling test method for key equipment and large hydraulic equipment.
Former oil tank to the main house and the old oil pipeline exhausted, and the fuel tank, filter, hoses and other clean. Oil change, pay attention to cleanliness, to prevent the invasion of the hydraulic system of stolen goods, can not be mixed and for the wrong, after testing to confirm or complement the new fuel oil has reached the prescribed performance indicators, in order to join. When fuel oil must be filtered, the filters have been fatigue damage should be replaced.
Add oil to reach the oil tank standard position, fuel is: first fuel to the tank top oil standard line, starting the hydraulic pump motor, the oil supply to the system of pipes, oil tank and then filling to the standard line, and then start the motor, sorepeated, until the oil remained at less than marking up the oil.
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7. Precision Top-Ups and Drain and Fills
Once the bulk storage system is properly set up, one should consider the method for transporting oil and filling machines. The best top-up method utilizes a proper top-up container, one that is sealed from the environment, has a built in spout, hand pump, etc. If short cuts are taken at this stage, all of the time and effort spent building and designing the bulk storage system and ensuring the quality of the bulk oil with filtration will have been wasted. Too many times oil is highly contaminated from the time it is dispensed into the top-up container to the time it is added to the machine.
Using washable and re-usable top-up containers allow for easy cleaning and maintenance. Typically, non-sealable top-up containers that are re-used introduce large amounts of containments to the system, which could counteract any effort of removing or excluding contaminants, and also can have a slight lubricant cross-contamination effect.
For top-ups of larger sump volumes, such as large gearboxes, circulating system reservoirs, etc., the use of filter carts is the preferred method for transferring the new oil from the storage container to the machine.
8. Proper Top-Up Container and Grease Gun Storage
Storage for top-up containers, grease guns, rags, etc., is another important step to ensure contaminants are not introduced to the lubricants as a result of poor housekeeping. These tools should have their own dedicated fire-proof storage cabinets for easy access and organization.
Grease storage is simpler than oil storage but also must not go overlooked. Open grease tubes and drums are magnets for attracting airborne contaminants such as lint and dust. Securing used grease tubes that will be re-used in sealable washable containers is considered the best practice. The containers will hold one tube of grease and allow for great contaminant exclusion. Used drums of grease are at an even higher risk of contamination. These drums are often opened and used over a greater period of time, leading to more and more opportunities for contaminants to enter. If not using a sealed air style grease dispensing unit for drums of grease to fill grease guns, some of the best methods for contaminant exclusion are to use Velcro style covers or snap-on caps. Using these types of contaminant exclusion devices will keep the grease cleaner and prolong its life.
Grease guns should be stored in a clean, dry and controlled environment. They are precision tools that must be taken care of in order for them to provide the maximum degree of accuracy and reliability. Grease guns should be regularly cleaned and inspected for proper function and an annual calibration should be performed. This calibration will ensure the same volume of grease is still being dispensed with one shot as when the gun was new. The best method for grease gun calibration is to use a postal scale to measure how much grease is dispensed with one pump.
Lubrication tools should be stored in a fire-proof storage cabinet for easy access and organization.
(by Stephen Sumerlin)
to be continue...
3. New Oil Receiving
Oftentimes, improper receiving techniques do nothing but promote higher risks of contamination ingression, mixing of lubricants, etc. Proper written receiving procedures should be in place to ensure the highest level of consistency and cleanliness is maintained. Proper receiving techniques should include filtration of incoming oils. Many times new oils may be dirtier than your defined particle target cleanliness level. Meaning, if you define your particle target cleanliness level and spend time, money, manpower, etc., to achieve these levels of in-service lubricant cleanliness, the last thing you want to do is contaminate it with “dirty” new oils. 4. Quality Control
Quality control of lubricants delivered from lube suppliers must be verified to ensure the correct product is being delivered and that the cleanliness of the delivered lubricant are up to current target particle and moisture cleanliness levels.
To help ensure your lubricants are meeting their standards, the use of oil analysis is a powerful tool and will reveal the following:
- Quality of base stocks
- Additive quality and concentration
- Lubricant performance properties
- Thickener performance properties (grease)
5. Presence of Mixed or Contaminated Lubricants
Oil analysis results and other quality assurance variables, such as damaged containers, rusted containers and any other quality issue, should be well documented and cataloged.
Items to note in the documentation phase are:
- Delivery date and date of oil sample taken
- Inspection results of storage containers
- Labels depicting results of oil analysis test
- Itemized checklist for sampling test
- Periodic decontamination with filtration
Whichever storage container is chosen, it is best to filter the new oil while filling the storage container. Doing so will reduce the amount of contamination that is delivered with the new oil, but periodic filtration and agitation should be performed to maintain certain ISO cleanliness levels and prevent additive settling. Periodic filtration is a good practice to ensure clean, fresh oil will be used to perform top-ups and drain and fills. There are two primary methods for filtration of bulk stored oils: hard plumbed filtration system or filter cart. The hard plumbed filtration system works best in conjunction with a rack mounted system.
Each container should be fitted with a breather, sight glass, filter, lubricant label, quick connect fittings and dedicated dispensing line. This system will help ensure the lubricants are at optimal condition when they are needed and the right product for the application is dispensed.
Periodic filtration for drum storage also is easy with the use of a filter cart once the drums are equipped with quick couplers. No matter how large or small the storage container, periodic decontamination should be a priority to maintain the quality of the stored lubricant. 6. Dispensing Options for Stored Oils
When stored oil is transferred from the bulk storage system to the top-up container, it is best to filter the dispensing oil. This can be made very easy with the use of a hard plumbed filtration system and a rack mounted storage system fitted with dedicated dispensing nozzles. If using 55-gallon drums, they can be fitted with quick connect fittings, a hand pump, an inline filter manifold breather and sight glass to achieve the same goal.
Improper dispensing of new oils into top-up containers is a primary cause of self-induced contamination. Proper techniques and tools must be used to ensure your new, filtered oil is transferred to the top-up container with minimal exposure to atmospheric conditions. Not using proper techniques here could be a waste of time to the filtration efforts, storage and in-service lubriation cleanliness.
(by Stephen Sumerlin)
to be continue...
The Double-horizontal vacuum evaporation vessels can enlarge evaporation area efficiently. The heater, being places in the vacuum vessels, becomes an evaporator. Thus the evaporation areas of Double-horizontal vacuum vessels are three times more than of the common vacuum vessel. This innovation can dehydrate and degas effectively and separately. This optimal structure of the dehydration (degas) system enlarge the surface area of oil exposed to the vacuum system and extends the flowing distance of the oil in the vacuum system. Thus there has sufficient time to remove the moisture and gas from the oil by vaporization.
The filtering materials with variable apertures are made of specialized glass fiber.the sizaes of the filtering fiber and aperture dwindle gradually in the different filtering stages. The impurities with different particulate sizes are filtered step by step.the capability of removing particulate matters is improved greatly by this method.
The filtering system has stable and perfect filter fineness. The filter fineness has several grades. Including 22.214.171.124.5.6.10. μm etc.
The filtering system is equipped with reverse rinse and filth device.it improves the effectiveness filtering and extends the lifetime of filter awfully
Electrical apparatus controlling system
The main components of the electrical apparatus made by Siemens, Schneider company ensure the safety of the controlling system .having interlocked protective system, pressure protective device which will avoid overload,over voltage,blank pumping,blank heating,oil leak and electricity leak etc.
Oil heating system
The unique effective electric heater structure heats the oil uniformly
Oil heater system assures less than 1.0w/cm2.during the heating process, the deterioration of the oil cuased by overheating is avoided.
The oil temperature can be adjusted between 0℃ to 100℃.the heater is controlled manually or automatically .the heater will stop automatically when the oil temperature reaches a certain degree
Being installed with safety protection devices, the heating system is secure and reliable.the heater will stop operation automatically when the oil volume of inlet is too much to avoid the damages of the heater
Oil-level controlling system
The oil-level floating ball and double-infrared liquid level automatic controller system are installed in the vacuum vessel to control the oil level so as to avoid the oil leaking in the operation.
The new innovation of eliminating forth can avoid the oil ejecting and gushing during the process.
High quality components
The main component parts of our products such as vavuum pump ,oil pump, motor and electric apparatus are from SIEMENS, ABB, SCHNEIDER, LEYBOLD and AMICO etc. They ensure our products high quality and reliability.
Structure and apparatus of oil purifier
Our products adopt ship-shape chasis-mount structure to ensure oil leak proof and protect the environment from pollution.
The whole equipment is characterized by small size.light weight and convenient to move around.various sizes and configurations (alloy shield) available
Vailable in mobile or stationary options
Automatic vacuum oil purifier or anti-explosion vacuum oil purifier is both available according to customers' need.
Cooler, medium condenser system
The system is composed of cooler .condenser,water receiver etc.
The vapor and other gas ,which is evaporated from vacuum separator, first drop in temperature and are rid of moisture in condenser, then are condensed again in cooler which has retarded exchange media .the reductive condensed water are discharged by water receiver,the dry gas ,which are condensed and rid of moisture twice,are discharged to air by vacuum pump so that it protects vacuum pump.
The plant is characterized by small size,light weight,rich color, and our company can produce trail car type and closed type (alloy shield) according to the customer's requirement.
In order to make sure that the stable of oil purifier plant which can work long time and extend the life of the machine, the oil purifier's main parts such as electric control parts, electric motor, vacuum pump,oil pump are imported from SIEMENS,LEYBOLD,ABB etc.